• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
Morphological
quickinfo

The superlative suffix –st is used to morphologically convert adjectives in the positive degree to adjectives in the superlative degree.

readmore

The superlative suffix –st is used to convert adjectives in the positive degree to adjectives in the superlative degree. Some examples:

Example 1

a. heech - heechst
high - highest
b. tûk - tûkst
smart - smartest
c. skier - skierst
drab - drabbest

The following superlatives are irregular with respect to the positive degree, but regular with respect to the comparative degree. Put differently, it is not the comparative and superlative which are irregular, but it is the positive degree which is irregular (or suppletive):

Example 2

a. goed - better - best
good - better - best
b. graach - leaver - leafst
gladly - preferably - rather/sooner
c. ier - earder - earst
early - earlier - earliest
d. folle - mear - meast
much/many - more - most
e. min / in bytsje - minder - minst
bad/little - less - least

For more detailed information about morphological irregularities, see Inflection on adjectives in Frisian morphology.

References:
    Suggestions for further reading ▼
    phonology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    Show more ▼
    morphology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • Adjectival inflection
      [69%] Dutch > Morphology > Inflection
    • Geographical adjectives ending in -s
      [64%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adjectives > Adjectival suffixes > Geographical adjectives
    • -s
      [63%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adjectives > Adjectival suffixes
    • Geographical adjectives ending in -isch
      [62%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adjectives > Adjectival suffixes > Geographical adjectives
    • -elijk
      [62%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adverbs > Adverbial suffixes
    • Degree
      [70%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Adjectives
    • alder-
      [68%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Prefixation > Adjectival prefixes > Adjective as base
    • Adjective as base
      [66%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Adjectival suffixes
    • Degree
      [66%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Adverbs
    • bet-
      [66%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Prefixation > Adverbial prefixes > Adverb as base
    Show more ▼
    syntax
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • Superlative
      [75%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Adjective Phrases > Comparison by comparative, superlative and equative degree
    • Modification of the superlative
      [64%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Adjective Phrases > Comparison by comparative, superlative and equative degree > Superlative
    • Attribution
      [63%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Adjective Phrases
    • Modification
      [63%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Adjective Phrases > Comparison by comparative, superlative and equative degree > Comparative
    • Lower degree comparative
      [63%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Adjective Phrases > Comparison by comparative, superlative and equative degree > Comparative
    Show more ▼
    cite
    print