• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
Other constructions
quickinfo

Certain verbs of causation are able to provide the outer structure for an intransitive complementive predication.

readmore

Hoe sa AP kommehow so AP come, this rhetorical idiom is severely restricted in its constructional possibilities: both hoehow and saso seem to belong to the idiom. The question generally describes a situation which the speaker has a negative judgment about, as is illustrated below:

Example 1

a. Hoe komsto sa wiet / gemeen?
how come.2SG so wet mean
How did you get so wet / mean?
b. Hoe komt de badkeamer sa wiet?
how does the bathroom so wet
How did the bathroom get so wet?
c. *Ik kom sa wiet troch de rein
I come so wet through the rain
I became so wet through the rain

Without hoehow and saso, the verb kommecome can freely be used as a verb of causation, as below, except that it preferably has the topic pronoun datthat as its subject:

Example 2

a. (Dat komt) troch de rein
that somes through the rain
The rain has caused this
b. De badkeamer komt sa wiet troch in lekkaazje
the bathroom comes so wet through a leak
The bathroom became so wet because there was a leak
c. Dat komt troch in lekkaazje
that comes through a leak
It was caused by a leak
References:
    Suggestions for further reading ▼
    phonology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    Show more ▼
    morphology
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • Personal pronouns
      [65%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Pronouns
    • -DIM (diminutive)
      [64%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Noun as base
    • Cardinal numbers
      [64%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Numerals
    • Indefinite pronouns
      [63%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Pronouns
    • Adjective as base
      [63%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes
    Show more ▼
    syntax
    • Dutch
    • Frisian
    • Afrikaans
    • Complementive constructions
      [69%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Adjective Phrases > Predication
    • Mood
      [66%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Verb Phrases > Characterization and classification
    • The regular passive
      [66%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Verb Phrases > Alternations > Alternations involving the external argument > Passivisation
    • Middle formation
      [65%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Verb Phrases > Alternations > Alternations involving the external argument
    • Intransitive and pseudo-passives
      [65%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Verb Phrases > Alternations > Alternations involving the external argument > Passivisation
    Show more ▼
    cite
    print