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R-pronouns and indefinite expletive der
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R-pronouns are pronouns which can function either as locative adverbs or as prepositional complements. They all contain the letter /r/, which is how they got their name. The /r/ is not pronounced in earnesomewhere and nearnenowhere. R-pronouns functioning as prepositional complements behave differently from prepositional complements which are not R-pronouns.

The R-pronoun derthere has the additional function of being an expletive in the subject position of indefinite sentences. It is incompatible with wh-phrases that can be resumed by definite pronouns, unlike its Dutch equivalent.

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More details about R-pronouns and the indefinite expletive der can be found by following the corresponding links:

References:
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    phonology
    • Dutch
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    morphology
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    • Frisian
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    • Indefinite pronouns
      [64%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Pronouns
    • witte-
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      [62%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Pronouns
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      [61%] Frisian > Morphology > Inflection > Numerals
    • Adjective as base
      [61%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Prefixation > Adjectival prefixes
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    syntax
    • Dutch
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