• Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show full table of contents
Adv > V
quickinfo

Verbal conversion from an adverb is relatively rare. An example is healwiizjeto act foolishly, which derives from healwiisfoolish(ly).

readmore

Conversion of an adverb to a verb is a marginal affair. It mostly occurs with adverbs that also occur as adjectives. The meaning of the converted verb is something like 'to act in a way that is expressed by the adverb'. Examples are healwiisfoolish > healwiizjeto act foolishly, wyldwild > wyldzjeto be on the go and gekcrazy > gekjeto act crazy.

Furthermore, there are a few cases of adverbial bases that can be considered as univerbations of phrases. Examples are hinne-en-werto-and-fro > hinne-en-werjeto walk up and down and út fan hûsout of housestaying overnight > útfanhúzjeto stay over. The verb op-en-delderjeto fuck (from op en delup and down) must have been derived from a verb op-en-delje, since the iterative or frequentative suffix -er only attaches to verbs. This intermediate verb, although completely conceivable, has not been attested, however.

As with the other verbal conversions, the resulting verbs belong to weak class II.

[hide extra information]
x
Literature

This topic is based on Hoekstra (1998:152).

References:
  • Hoekstra, Jarich1998Fryske wurdfoarmingLjouwertFryske Akademy
Suggestions for further reading ▼
phonology
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
Show more ▼
morphology
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
  • Conversion
    [73%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation
  • ver-
    [69%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Verbs > Verbal prefixes
  • -zaam
    [69%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Adjectives > Adjectival suffixes
  • Separable complex verbs (SCVs)
    [69%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Compounding
  • Nominalising ge-
    [68%] Dutch > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Nouns > Nominal prefixes
  • Interj > V
    [73%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Conversion > Verbal conversion
  • A > V
    [71%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Conversion > Verbal conversion
  • -enis
    [70%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Nominal suffixes > Verb as base
  • -lik
    [70%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Suffixation > Adjectival suffixes > Verb as base
  • Adverbial conversion
    [70%] Frisian > Morphology > Word formation > Derivation > Conversion
Show more ▼
syntax
  • Dutch
  • Frisian
  • Afrikaans
  • Mood
    [66%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Verb Phrases > Characterization and classification
  • Deverbal adjectives
    [64%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Adjective Phrases > Complementation
  • The regular passive
    [64%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Verb Phrases > Alternations > Alternations involving the external argument > Passivisation
  • Complementive constructions
    [63%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Adjective Phrases > Predication
  • Middle formation
    [63%] Afrikaans > Syntax > Introduction to Verb Phrases > Alternations > Alternations involving the external argument
Show more ▼
cite
print